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Useful LTO guidelines for old and new motorists

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posted September 19, 2010 07:52AM
lolame1
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Philippines Traffic & Vehicle Law Violations and Corresponding Penalties

by autoindustriya.com
Ever been surprised by an apprehending traffic officer with a violation you haven't heard of? Every motorist, at least once in his lifetime has been apprehended by a traffic officer. Sometimes, you are surprised by the apprehending officer with a "new" or improvised traffic violation, or at times it might be something real that you just haven't heard of. Knowing the violations might save you money and trouble. There are also some instances of wrong apprehensions, like the very popular 'driving without license' violation. Do not allow the apprehending officer to get away with this, when you really have a license but did not bring it, this would only mean a failure to carry a driver's license when operating motor vehicle with a fine of 150 pesos compared to 750 pesos for driving without license.Be calm and polite when confronted by a traffic officer. Shouting or yelling at them can also get you in trouble. There is a violation called "Arrogance or discourtesy towards a traffic officer" which will incur a 150 peso fine. If you are driving a car be sure to bring along with you your spare tire, as failure to do so will also result in a violation with a fine of 150 pesos. Bring along your early warning device or buy one if you don't have one yet. This will save you 100 bucks and another 300 pesos if your car needs a little roadside repairs.Last but not least, please do remember to fasten your safety belts or be ready to pay 300 or even a 1000 pesos fine. Don't forget that using your mobile phone, be it calling, answering a call, or texting is also a violation of the law unless you have a hands free kit installed. Texting is still not permitted even with the installation of a hands free kit since texting cannot be done hands free. 
Listed below are the traffic violations with corresponding penalties and subject of violation.

A. Violations related to licensing  Violations Penalties Subject1 Driving without license P 750.00 Driver2 Driving with delinquent, invalid. suspended, ineffectual, revoked or improper license P 300.00 Driver3 Failure to show or surrender driver’s license for cause upon due demand by person with authority to confiscate. P 150.00 Driver Failure to carry driver’s license when Operating motor vehicle. P 150.00 Driver Failure to sign driver’s license P 150.00 Driver4 Driving while under the influence of Liquor or prohibited drug P 2,000.00 DriverDriverDriver For the 2nd offense, Fine plus 1 year Suspension Subsequent violation Revocation of driver’s license 5 Allowing an unlicensed/improperly licensed person to drive MV P 750.00 Owner/Operator6 Possession and use of fake driver’s license. If the driver has been issued an authentic license, the same shall be confiscated and suspended for 6 months in addition to the fine.If the driver has not been issued an authentic license, he shall not be qualified to secure driver’s license for a period of six (6) months in addition to the fine P 1500.00 Driver7 Allowing another person to use his driver’s license – confiscation and suspension for one (1) month P 500.00 Driver8 Use and involvement of MV by the driver in the commission of a crime-in case of court conviction, automatic revocation of driver’s license. P 1500.00 Driver9 Student Driver operating a MV without being accompanied by a licensed driver. P 200.00 Student Driver
B. Violations related to registration. 11 Operating a MV which is unregistered/improperly registered delinquent or with invalid registration. If driver is also the Owner, MV shall be impounded until Properly registered P 450.00P 450.00 DriverOwner12 Operating MV with unregistered substitute or replacement engine, engine block or chassis, change color, change body or configuration. In addition, MV shall be properly impounded until such parts are properly registered. P 500.00 Owner13 Failure to carry in the MV the Certificate of Registration (CR) and Official Receipt (OR) (original or Photocopies) P 150.00 Owner14 Operating/allowing the operation of MV with a suspended/revoked Certificate of Registration, P 450.00MV impounded or its plates held during period of suspension / Revocation  15 Tourist Operating a non-Philippine registered MV beyond 90 day period of his sojourn. P 1500.00MV shall not be allowed to operate until properly registered. Tourist
C. Violations relating to number plates and stickers. 16 MV number plates not firmly attached and visible. Dirty or uncared for plates.Inconspicuously displaced plates in front and rear. NO STICKER showing current Registration P 150.00 Driver17 License plates different from body Operator number on Public Utility Vehicle P 450.00 Owner18 Improper display of MV plates by owner (permanent) plates to accommodate a better display of commemorative/other plates. P 500.00 Owner19 Display of expired commemorative/other plates P 200.00 Owner20 Tampered/Marked plates/stickers P 300.00 Owner21 a. Illegal transfer and use of MV plates/tags or stickers from one MV to another except security plates on authorized vehicle Owner/Operator are conclusively presumed to have caused or permit such illegal transfer and liable to fine.Driver of MV involved in illegal transfer of plates 1 month suspension of driver’s license.
P 7500.00 Driver

Owner  b. If MV is used and involved in commission of a crime, P 10000.00Penalty plus motor vehicle impounded. Driver/Owner
D. Violations relative to equipment, parts, accessories, devices and marking of a motor vehicle 22 Operating MV with metallic tires on any public highway, Defective brakes, Improper/defective horn or signaling device, Unnecessary lights visible in front of vehicle, Missing or defective headlights/taillights, Missing or red rear lights at both/each, side visible at least 100m from vehicle, Missing or defective plate light,Missing or defective brake lights,Missing or defective wiper on the windshield,Missing cut/disconnected muffler. P 150.00 each Driver23 Dirty/unsightly or dilapidated MV. In addition, confiscation of plates until defects are corrected P 150.00 Owner/Operator24 Failure to paint or improper painting of authorized route or painting of unauthorized route of PUJ P 375.00 Owner/Operator25 Non-painting of business or trade name. P 150.00Confiscation of plates until defects are corrected. Owner26 a. Use of unauthorized improvised platesb. Use of improvised plates to make MV appear as for hire. P 150.00P 1,500.00 Owner27 a. Dirty and/or unsanitary defective unitb. Without/defective hand brakesc. Without or defective speedometer or tachometerd. Defective or broken windshielde. Without or defective windshield wiperf. Without rear view mirrorg. Without interior light P 150.00 Owner/Operator28 Without name or business name and address inscribed on both sides of MV used for public services. P 150.00Confiscation of plates until proper markings are made. Owner/Operator29 Without spare tire P 150.00 Owner/Operator30 Unauthorized bell sirens or exhausts whistle on emergency. P 150.00Said gadgets shall be confiscated. Owner/Operator31 Without red flag or red lights on projecting end of load extending more than a meter beyond the bed or body and in the evening, red lights visible at least 50 meters away P 150.00 Driver32 Failure to paint appropriate body number on a MV for hire on both sides P 375.00 Owner/Operator33 a. Failure to carry EWD b. Failure to install EWD 4 meters away to the front and rear of the stalled/disabled MV. P 100.00P 300.00 DriverDriver 34 Without capacity markings P 150.00 Owner/Operator35 Failure to wear safety belt while operating motor vehicle or while riding on front passenger seat P 1000.00P 300.00 Owner/Operator36 Without permanent tail gauge or failure to put “NOT FOR HIRE” sign in a private jeepney/jitney P 300.00 Owner
E. Violations relative to weights and load limits. 37 Load extending beyond projected width without permit 200.00 Driver38 a. Operating MV with wheel axle, or axle group loads in excess of the limits in Sec. 9, RA 4136 or any regulation without permit. P 150.00 Driver b. Operating MV with total weight of cargo carrying device on passenger truck including cargo exceeding 100 kilos. P 150.00 Driver c. Allowing more passengers and/or more freight or cargo in his vehicle more than the registered carrying capacity. P 150.00 Driver (If PUV, imposed upon Conductor) d. Baggage or freight carried on top of truck exceeds 20 kilos per sq. meter and not distributed in such a manner as not to endanger the passenger or stability of the truck. P 150.00 Driver/Conductor
F. Violations relative to frauds and falsities 39 Use of invalid/ delinquent/ suspended/ revoked/ fake license, identification card or permit. P 1000.00 to P 3000.000 Driver40 Fake CR, OR, plates, tags or stickers/spurious documents P 1000.00 to P 3000.000 Owner/Operator41 Misrepresenting a copy of a document before the Traffic Adjudication Service P 1000.00 Owner/Operator/Driver
G. Violations related to parking and drivers 42 Parking within an intersection Parking on a crosswalk Parking within 5 m. of the intersection of the intersection of curb lines Parking within 4 m. of the driveway entrance to any fire station Parking within 4 m. of a fire hydrant Parking in front of a private highwayParking on the roadway side of any unmoving or parked at the curb or edge of the highway Parking at any place where official signs of prohibition have been erected Allowing a passenger on top or cover of vehicle Allowing a passenger to ride on running board, step board ormudguard of MV while it is in motion Disregarding traffic signs Failure to use helmet while driving/riding a motorcycle P 150.00 each Driver43 Reckless Driving - 1st Offense - 2nd Offense and suspension of Driver’s License- 3rd Offense and revocation of Driver’s License P 150.00P 750.00P 1000.00 Driver44 Arrogance or Discourtesy P 150.00 Driver45 Failure to dim headlights P 150.00 Driver46 Driving in slippers or sleeveless shirt P 100.00 Driver47 Driving in a place not for traffic or parking in a place not for parkingFailure to give way to police or fire department vehicle or ambulanceHitching or permitting a person on a bicycle or roller skates to hitchto the vehicl. P 100.00 Driver
H. Traffic Violations 48 Illegal turn P 150.00 Driver49 Driving against traffic/counterflow P 2000.00 Driver50 Illegal overtaking P 150.00 Driver51 Overtaking at an unsafe distance P 150.00 Driver52 Cutting an overtaken vehicle P 150.00 Driver53 Failure to give way to an overtaking vehicle P 150.00 Driver54 Increasing speed when being overtaken P 150.00 Driver55 Overtaking when left side is not visible or clear P 150.00 Driver56 Overtaking on a crest or grade P 150.00 Driver57 Overtaking on a curve P 150.00 Driver58 Overtaking at a railway grade crossing P 150.00 Driver59 Overtaking at an intersection P 150.00 Driver60 Overtaking between "Men Working" or "Caution" signs P 150.00 Driver61 Failure to yield to the right of way P 150.00 Driver62 Failure to come to a complete stop at a through street P 150.00 Driver63 Failure to come to a complete stop at a stop intersection P 150.00 Driver64 Failure to give proper turn/stop signals P 150.00 Driver65 Illegal right turn P 150.00 Driver66 Illegal left turn P 150.00 Driver67 Failure to stop motor vehicle and apply handbrake when unattended P 150.00 Driver68 Causing an obstruction to traffic P 150.00 Driver


TOOLS AGAINST MMDA OFFICERS
I just reached my limit last weekend, and decided to take action against the abusive MMDA enforcers. I basically called up the MMDA head office and inquired from the Personnel Officer, Antonio Pagulayan, to clarify their policies. Here is what I got:
If any of these abuses seem familiar to you, Mr. Pagulayan has asked that you call either the MMDA hotline (136) or call the METRO BASE at 0920 9389861 or 0920 9389875 and ask for an Inspectorate. They will send inspectors to the place where these MMDA officers are extorting, even while you are arguing out of your apprehension. DO NOT JUST SURRENDER YOUR RIGHT AND PAY OFF THE MMDA TRAFFIC OFFICER, CHALLENGE (if you have sound basis of course) THE TRAFFIC CITATION:
1. MMDA officers are not allowed to group together in order to apprehend.  They are not even allowed to stand together in groups of 2 or more. The only time they are allowed to work together is for special operations (probably when they apprehend groups of buses for smoke belching).
2. Swerving IS NOT a traffic violation. Moving one lane to the left or right is not swerving, no matter where on the road you do it. And it is even less of a violation when you do it with a signal. Swerving is defined as shifting 2 or more lanes very quickly. So you can argue your way out of this, and call the Metro Base for help.
3. Sadly, using the yellow lane is a traffic violation and will get you a ticket. However, buses are really not allowed to go out of the yellow lane, so if you see selective apprehension of private cars only, you may complain.
4. MMDA has confirmed that your license MAY NOT BE CONFISCATED at a traffic apprehension. The only time they can do so is if you are part of an accident, or it is your third violation and you have not settled your fines yet. They are only allowed to give you a ticket, which you can contest. He recommends actually receiving the ticket in some instances, so that you can report the officer who did it.
5. Also, you are free to ask any of these officers for their "mission order", which is written by their supervisor. If they apprehend you for a violation that is not in their mission order for the day, you can report them and they will receive disciplinary action.


Must Know: MMDA rules on Car Number-Coding
1. No window hours: Makati, Malabon and Las Pinas. Number Coding is in effect from 7am to 7pm!
2. No number coding: Taguig, Marikina and Paranaque. So, feel free to roam around these cities anytime.
3. Pasig City has window hours of 9am to 4pm (note the 1 hour additional to the normal 10-3pm window).
4. San Juan has window hours now according to MMDA website.
5. Pasay City is implementing Number Coding except on the following roads: Ninoy Aquino Avenue, MIA Road, Domestic Road, Portions of Airport Road , Sales Road , Tramo.
6. EDSA, C5, Pres. Diosdado Macapagal Avenue, Roxas Blvd (Pasay) have window hours regardless of the city (meaning one can drive via EDSA in Makati any day).
7. For the rest of Metro Manila (Caloocan, Mandaluyong, Manila, Muntinlupa, Navotas, parts of Pasay, Pateros, Quezon City, Taguig, and Valenzuela) number coding is in effect (window hours of 10am-3pm is also observed).


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posted September 19, 2010 07:58AM
GomerMagtibay
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Salamat po, maraming salamat! Bookmark ko 'to for easy reference. Thanks!
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posted September 19, 2010 08:03AM
bandwagon
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salamat po. sana po mailagay ninyo ang link kung saan ito nanggaling. salamat pong muli.
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posted September 19, 2010 08:13AM
webfair33
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Mga kasulit bookmark nyo ito maganda
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posted September 20, 2010 10:15PM
jetsupra
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nyay ang haba.. ill ask for help na lang to my dad haha
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posted September 20, 2010 10:40PM
johnpaulrabe2986
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thanks po sa pag post... malaking tulong po eto...

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posted September 22, 2010 09:42AM
lolame1
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posted September 22, 2010 09:50AM
purr
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though i dont drive this is helpful. Thanks!
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posted September 22, 2010 10:01AM
victech
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very informative, salamat.
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posted September 22, 2010 03:24PM
toxxic03
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salamat kapatid............

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posted September 22, 2010 03:33PM
rogerberro
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very informative lalu na sa mga nagda-drive. malaking tulong ito.

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posted September 24, 2010 01:18PM
ultramanZACE
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printed 3 copies. I'll hand my dad and my brother some copies. thanks for the info
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posted September 24, 2010 03:29PM
Alphashooter1
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Ayos nasa contacts ko na numbers ni Mr. Anthony Pagulayan in case hulihin ako ng MMDA. Salamat po sa info..
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posted October 6, 2010 06:14PM
lagablab10
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salamat sa pagpost. bookmark done!
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posted October 6, 2010 06:21PM
LGDL
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i-bookmark ko po ito! pakita ko sa mister ko. salamat sa pagshare!
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posted October 7, 2010 09:56PM
kastofklowns
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very informative sir, keep it up
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posted October 7, 2010 09:59PM
accountno0543210101
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marami ang hindi nakakaalam nito thanks for sharing this information
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posted October 8, 2010 09:40AM
leehannah
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thanks for sharing the infos. maraming matutulungan yan.

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posted October 14, 2010 05:14PM
icanmakeutrulyrich
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yes wala pa lang number coding sa lugar namin, kala ko meron takot pa naman ako kaya lagi ako gumigitna, useless din pala ang kaba ko nastressed pa ako!

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posted October 14, 2010 05:16PM
darkzidez
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thanks po sa pagshare nito..
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posted October 18, 2010 04:39PM
labrador20042002
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salamat sa nag post..............
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